Oracle recently announced that it will become a corporate sponsor of the OpenStack Foundation, and that it will achieve OpenStack compatibility with the Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud, Oracle Compute Cloud Service and Oracle Storage Cloud Service, as well as integrate OpenStack’s cloud management tools into Oracle Solaris, Oracle Linux and Oracle VM, Oracle Infrastructure as a Service, Oracle’s ZS3 Series, Axiom storage systems and StorageTek tape systems. On one hand, this announcement constitutes the most explicit affirmation to date from Oracle about its commitment to OpenStack compatibility, its acquisition of Nimbula and proleptic statements about its integration with the Oracle Cloud aside and notwithstanding. On the other hand, a large part of the announcement means that OpenStack customers will be able to take advantage of OpenStack’s “cloud management components” to manage the Oracle cloud, while the current state and timeline for the Oracle Cloud’s achievement of OpenStack compatibility remains unknown. That Oracle is allowing OpenStack management tools to manage what is currently a proprietary cloud platform is hardly a coup for OpenStack. Moreover, the announcement in Oracle’s press release that the company “will also be working to achieve OpenStack compatibility” discloses little in the way of specifics either regarding timeframe or what compatibility means for Oracle. According to The Register, Oracle has committed zero lines of code to the OpenStack project to date in contrast to the thousands of lines of code contributed by HP and Rackspace. All in all, the OpenStack community would do well to be less than celebratory about Oracle’s announcement. Oracle’s reported commitment to the project of achieving OpenStack compatibility may be great news for OpenStack’s PR machine, but the specific ramifications of Oracle’s embrace of OpenStack remain to be seen.
Amazon Web Services Continues To Increase IaaS/PaaS Market Share According To Synergy Research Group
A recent article by the Synergy Research Group (Synergy) claims that Amazon Web Services continues to dominate the IaaS and PaaS space in terms of revenue. According to Synergy, Amazon Web Services increased its quarterly revenue by 55% to over $700M in Q3 of 2013, whereas the aggregate of revenue for Salesforce, IBM, Windows Azure and Google was less than $400M for the same time period. Worldwide, total IaaS and PaaS revenues exceeded $2.5 billion for the quarter, with IaaS accounting for 64% of cloud revenues, a surprisingly small proportion given the limited penetration of platform as a service within the enterprise. Synergy Research’s John Dinsdale remarked on the company’s findings as follows:
We’ve been analyzing the IaaS/PaaS markets for quite a few quarters now and creating these leadership metrics, and the relative positioning of the leaders really hasn’t changed much. While Amazon dwarfs all competition, the race is on to see if any of the big four followers can distance themselves from their peers. The good news for these companies and for the long tail of operators with relatively small cloud infrastructure service operations, is that IaaS/PaaS will be growing strongly long into the future, providing plenty of opportunity for robust revenue growth.
Here, Dinsdale remarks that the “race is on to see if” Salesforce, IBM, Microsoft and Google can decisively secure second place in the battle for IaaS/PaaS market share. Strikingly, Microsoft, Google and IBM have revenues that are very close to one another, even though one might reasonably expect Microsoft’s Azure platform to edge out its competition given its earlier entry into the market than IBM and Google’s Compute Engine (GCE). That said, IBM’s sizeable IaaS revenue derives largely from its acquisition of SoftLayer, which itself had a rich and venerable history that predated IBM.
Synergy’s chart illustrating Q3 IaaS and PaaS revenues is given below:
Notable omissions from the findings include Rackspace, HP, Oracle, Pivotal One and Red Hat, the middle three of which (HP, Oracle and Pivotal One) are still relatively nascent, and hence justifiably excluded from the present calculation. As Dinsdale notes above, however, “the good news for these companies” and for remainder of the space is that revenues are set to increase significantly in the near term. Going forward, one of the key questions for subsequent IaaS market share analyses will be whether OpenStack’s momentum and gradual maturation propels disproportionate growth amongst OpenStack-based cloud platforms for vendors such as HP, IBM, Oracle, Rackspace and Red Hat.
Today, Engine Yard announced support for Java on its Platform as a Service infrastructure. The addition of Java to its Platform as a Service means that Engine Yard now supports Java, Ruby, PHP and Node.js. Engine Yard will make Java available to developers by way of a technology stack based on Ubuntu Linux. Customers will be able to manage Java applications and environments by way of a Angular.js and Node.js user interface. Engine Yard also announced that it will add the Oracle Public Cloud to its supported list of cloud providers in addition to IaaS platforms Amazon Web Services, Verizon Terremark, and Windows Azure. Engine Yard’s support of Java continues the trend of polyglot compatibility within the Platform as a Service space. Meanwhile, its partnership with the Oracle Public Cloud illustrates the co-implication of PaaS and IaaS and the way in which Platform as a Service vendors are increasingly dependent on IaaS infrastructures to develop and expand relationships with developers and customers. Java will be available on the Engine Yard platform within 30 days.
Oracle today announced the integration of its March 2013 acquisition Nimbula into its Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud platform. The integration of Nimbula into Oracle’s public cloud offering means that customers can build IaaS infrastructures based on Oracle’s Exalogic Elastic Cloud in conjunction with Nimbula’s OpenStack-based IaaS technology. Today’s news marks the first time that OpenStack and Oracle’s high performance Exalogic Elastic Cloud are available on the same platform. Customers now have access to a highly scalable, high performing infrastructure that additionally boasts all of the attributes of the open standards-based OpenStack platform. Moreover, Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud customers can leverage a suite of other products such as Oracle Applications, Oracle Fusion middleware, Database as a Service, Java as a Service and Middleware as a Service. The successful of integration of Nimbula’s OpenStack-based IaaS platform with Exalogic marks yet another small victory for OpenStack, which recently faces stiff competition from increasingly rich and variegated product offerings from VMware and Citrix, not to mention Amazon Web Services.
Today, Oracle announced the availability of an Oracle Government Cloud dedicated to providing cloud platforms and services for North American government agencies in recognition of the “Cloud First” requirement that government organizations consider cloud computing as a method to improve service delivery and agility. The Oracle Cloud currently renders a suite of SaaS applications available to government agencies although plans for the addition of IaaS and PaaS infrastructures to the Oracle Government Cloud are in the works. Specifically, Oracle Service Cloud, Oracle RightNow Policy Automation and the Oracle Learn Cloud are available to customers to help manage human resources and conduct project management, vendor management, financial management and customer service.
Oracle’s launch of the Oracle Government Cloud represents a serious attempt to cash in on the lucrative market from government agencies that are transitioning their IT infrastructures to cloud-based environments. The battle for market share in the Government Cloud space currently features Amazon Web Services, IBM, Google, Acquia and others. Amazon Web Services and IBM, for example, continue to fight for rights to a $600M contract from the CIA that was originally awarded to Amazon Web Services. IBM recently announced a 10 year, $1 billion contract with the U.S. Department of the Interior and Google has been offering its applications for government usage for years.
Meanwhile, Amazon Web Services continues to enhance its GovCloud platform, most recently with the addition of CloudFormation, which allows developers and IT administrators to provision AWS services using preconfigured templates or customized templates that allow for modification and control of IT infrastructures in a systematic, controlled fashion. In the case of Oracle, the success of its Government Cloud will largely depend on the speed on which it can roll its IaaS and PaaS platforms for government usage and ability to demonstrate their compliance with government standards and certifications such as FISMA, a standard which has been achieved by the likes of Google, IBM’s SmartCloud, Acquia and Amazon Web Services.
Oracle announced plans to acquire Taleo Corporation, the SaaS provider of human resources software that helps organizations recruit, retain and manage employees, on Thursday. Oracle acquired Taleo for $1.9 billion, roughly six times its 2011 earnings figure of $309 million. Oracle’s acquisition of Taleo consolidates it recent interest in cloud-based software by building upon its October 2011 acquisition of RightNow technologies, the customer relationship management vendor. Oracle’s acquisition of Taleo enables it to keep pace with rival SAP in the SaaS space for human resources software given SAP’s December 2011 acquisition of SuccessFactors for $3.4 billion.
Key details of the acquisition are as follows:
• Taleo has over 5000 customers ranging from small to mid-size businesses to large enterprises.
• The acquisition of Taleo at $1.9 billion amounts to $46/share.
• Shares of Taleo (TLEO) jumped in price from a pre-acquisition announcement price of $38.94 on February 8 to $45.64 at the close of trading on February 9.
• Shares of Taleo closed at $45.65 on Friday, February 10.
• Several analysts downgraded Taleo stock on Thursday and Friday.
Michael B. Nemeroff of Morgan Keegan downgraded the stock from Outperform to Market Perform because the acquisition price of $46/share represents a “fair price” close to its market value. Rick Sherlund of Nomura Securities downgraded Taleo shares from Buy to Neutral and Mark Marcon of Robert W. Baird downgraded the stock from Outperform to Neutral. BMO Capital, Citigroup and JPMorgan similarly downgraded the stock.
Oracle boasts annual revenues of $8 billion and over $30 billion in cash. In recent months, much of Oracle’s publicity has centered on its Big Data appliance, which it made available in January 2012. Oracle has historically been skeptical about cloud-based software but appears to be changing course in light of its acquisitions of Rightnow and Taleo.
On Tuesday, Oracle declared the availability of the Big Data appliance that it introduced to the world at its October conference Oracle Open World. The appliance runs on Linux and features Cloudera’s version of Apache Hadoop (CDH), Cloudera Manager for managing the Hadoop distribution, the Oracle NoSQL database as well as an open source version of R, the statistical software package. Oracle’s partnership with Cloudera in delivering its Big Data appliance goes beyond the latter’s selection as a Hadoop distributor to include assistance with customer support. Oracle plans to deliver tier one customer support while Cloudera will provide assistance with tier two and tier three customer inquiries, including those beyond the domain of Hadoop.
Oracle will run its Big Data appliance on hardware featuring 864 GB main memory, 216 CPU cores, 648 TB of raw disk storage, 40 Gb/s InfiniBand connectivity and10 Gb/s Ethernet data center connectivity. Oracle also revealed details of four connectors to its appliance with the following functionality:
• Oracle Loader for Hadoop to load massive amounts of data into the appliance by using the MapReduce parallel processing technology.
• Oracle Data Integrator Application Adapter for Hadoop which provides a graphical interface that simplifies the creation of Hadoop MapReduce programs.
• Oracle Connector R which provides users of R streamlined access to the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
• Oracle Direct Connector for Hadoop Distributed File System (ODCH), which supports the integration of Oracle’s SQL database with its Hadoop Distributed File System.
Oracle’s announcement of the availability of its Big Data appliance comes as the battle for Big Data market share takes shape in a landscape dominated by the likes of Teradata, Microsoft, IBM, HP, EMC, Informatica, MarkLogic and Karmasphere. Oracle’s selection of Cloudera as its Hadoop distributor indicates that it intends to make a serious move into the world of Big Data. For one, the partnership with Cloudera gives Oracle increased access to Cloudera’s universe of customers. Secondly, the partnership enhances the credibility of Oracle’s Big Data offering given that Cloudera represents that most prominent distributor of Apache Hadoop in the U.S.
In October, Microsoft revealed plans for a Big Data appliance featuring Hadoop for Windows Server and Azure, and Hadoop connectors for SQL Server and SQL Parallel Data Warehouse. Whereas Oracle chose Cloudera for Hadoop distribution, Microsoft partnered with Yahoo spinoff Hortonworks to integrate Hadoop with Windows Server and Windows Azure. In late November, HP provided details of Autonomy IDOL (Integrated Data Operating Layer) 10, which features the ability to process large-scale structured data sets in addition to a NoSQL interface for loading and analyzing structured and unstructured data. In December, EMC released its Greenplum Unified Analytics Platform (UAP) marked by the ability to load structured data, enterprise-grade Hadoop for analyzing structured and unstructured data and Chorus, a collaboration and productivity software tool. Bolstered by its partnership with Cloudera, Oracle is set to compete squarely with HP’s Autonomy IDOL 10, EMC’s Greenplum Chorus and IBM’s BigInsights until Microsoft’s appliance officially enters the Big Data doohyoo (土俵) qua sumo ring as well.
If 2011 was the year of Cloud Computing, then 2012 will surely be the year of Big Data. Big Data has yet to arrive in the way cloud computing has, but the framework for its widespread deployment as a commodity emerged with style and unmistakable promise. For the first time, Hadoop and NoSQL gained currency not only within the developer community, but also amongst bloggers and analysts. More importantly, Big Data garnered for itself a certain status and meaning in the technology community even though few people asked about the meaning of big in “Big Data” in a landscape where the circle around the meaning of “big” with respect to “data” is constantly being redrawn. Even though yesterday’s “big” in Big Data morphed into today’s “small” as consumer personal storage transitions from gigabytes to terabytes, the term “Big Data” emerged as a term that everyone almost instantly understood. It was as if consumers and enterprises alike had been searching for years for a long lost term to describe the explosion of data as evinced by web searches, web content, Facebook and Twitter feeds, photographs, log files and miscellaneous structured and unstructured content. Having been speechless, lacking the vocabulary to find the term for the data explosion, the world suddenly embraced the term Big Data with passion.
Below are some of the highlights of 2011 with respect to big data:
•Teradata finalized a deal to acquire Big Data player Aster Data Systems for $263 million.
•Yahoo revealed plans to create Hortonworks, a spin-off dedicated to the commercialization of Apache Hadoop.
•Teradata announced the Teradata Aster MapReduce Platform that combines SQL with MapReduce. The Teradata Aster MapReduce Platform empowers business analysts who know SQL to leverage the power of MapReduce without having to write scripted queries in Java, Python, Perl or C.
•Oracle announced plans to launch a Big Data appliance featuring Apache Hadoop, Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition and an open source distribution of R. The company’s announcement of its plans to leverage a NoSQL database represented an abrupt about face of an earlier Oracle position that discredited the significance of NoSQL.
•Microsoft revealed plans for a Big Data appliance featuring Hadoop for Windows Server and Azure, and Hadoop connectors for SQL Server and SQL Parallel Data Warehouse. Microsoft revealed a strategic partnership with Yahoo spinoff Hortonworks to integrate Hadoop with Windows Server and Windows Azure. Microsoft’s decision not to leverage NoSQL and use instead a Windows based version of Hadoop for SQL Server 2012 constituted the key difference between Microsoft and Oracle’s Big Data platforms.
•IBM announced the release of IBM Infosphere BigInsights application for analyzing “Big Data.” The SmartCloud release of IBM’s BigInsights application means that IBM beat competitors Oracle and Microsoft in the race to deploy an enterprise grade, cloud based Big Data analytics platform.
•Christophe Bisciglia, founder of Cloudera, the commercial distributor of Apache Hadoop, launched a startup called Odiago that features a Big Data product named WibiData. WibiData manages investigative and operational analytics on “consumer internet data” such as website traffic on traditional and mobile computing devices.
•Cloudera announced a partnership with NetApp, the storage and data management vendor. The partnership revealed the release of the NetApp Open Solution for Hadoop, a preconfigured Hadoop cluster that combines Cloudera’s Apache Hadoop (CDH) and Cloudera Enterprise with NetApp’s RAID architecture.
•Big Data player Karmasphere announced plans to join the Hortonworks Technology Partner Program today. The partnership enables Karmasphere to offer its Big Data intelligence product Karmasphere Analytics on the Apache Hadoop software infrastructure that undergirds the Hortonworks Data Platform.
•Informatica released the world’s first Hadoop parser. Informatica HParser operates on virtually all versions of Apache Hadoop and specializes in transforming unstructured data into a structured format within a Hadoop installation.
•MarkLogic announced support for Hadoop, the Apache open source software framework for analyzing Big Data with the release of MarkLogic 5.
•HP provided details of Autonomy IDOL (Integrated Data Operating Layer) 10, a Next Generation Information Platform that integrates two of its 2011 acquisitions, Vertica and Autonomy. Autonomy IDOL 10 features Autonomy’s capabilities for processing unstructured data, Vertica’s ability to rapidly process large-scale structured data sets, a NoSQL interface for loading and analyzing structured and unstructured data and solutions dedicated to the Data, Social Media, Risk Management, Cloud and Mobility verticals.
•EMC announced the release of its Greenplum Unified Analytics Platform (UAP). The EMC Greenplum UAP contains the The EMC Greenplum platform for the analysis of structured data, enterprise-grade Hadoop for analyzing structured and unstructured data and EMC Greenplum Chorus, a collaboration and productivity software tool that enables social networking amongst constituents in an organization that are leveraging Big Data.
The widespread adoption of Hadoop punctuated the Big Data story of the year so far. Hadoop featured in almost every Big Data story of the year, from Oracle to Microsoft to HP and EMC, while NoSQL came in a close second. Going into 2012, one of the key questions for the Big Data space concerns the ability of OpenStack to support Hadoop, NoSQL, MapReduce and other Big Data technologies. The other key question for Big Data hinges on the user friendliness of Big Data applications for business analysts in addition to programmers. EMC’s Greenplum Chorus, for example, democratizes access to its platform via a user interface that promotes collaboration amongst multiple constituents in an organization by transforming questions into structured queries. Similarly, the Teradata Aster MapReduce Platform allows business analysts to make use of its MapReduce technology by using SQL. That said, as Hadoop becomes more and more mainstream, the tech startup and data intensive spaces are likely to witness a greater number of data analysts trained in Apache Hadoop in conjunction with efforts by vendors to render Hadoop more accessible to programmers and non-programmers alike.